RESOURCES

Monitoring and Evaluation: Tools, Methods and Approaches

World Bank

Created 03/23/2012

How-to

INTERMEDIATE

The purpose of this M&E Overview is to strengthen awareness and interest in M&E, and to clarify what it entails. You will find an overview of a sample of M&E tools, methods, and approaches outlined here, including their purpose and use; advantages and disadvantages; costs, skills, and time required; and key references. Those illustrated here include several data collection methods, analytical frameworks, and types of evaluation and review. The M&E Overview discusses:

  • Performance indicators
  • The logical framework approach
  • Theory-based evaluation
  • Formal surveys
  • Rapid appraisal methods
  • Participatory methods
  • Public expenditure tracking surveys
  • Cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analysis
  • Impact evaluation

This list is not comprehensive, nor is it intended to be. Some of these tools and approaches are complementary; some are substitutes. Some have broad applicability, while others are quite narrow in their uses. The choice of whichis appropriate for any given context will depend on a range of considerations.These include the uses for which M&E is intended, the main stakeholders who have an interest in the M&E findings, the speed with which the information is needed, and the cost.

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