As part of a global pilot programme attempting peacebuilding through education services, UNICEF ESARO has generated evidence between the linkages of education and peacebuilding in fragile and conflict affected settings. This case study provides an overview of the Peace Building, Education and Advocacy (PBEA) youth interventions in Somalia, focusing on youth participation in facilitating community consultations to develop a draft national education curriculum framework. On the basis of a conflict analysis showing youth marginalisation at the root of radicalisation of youth and conflict in Somali society, with many unemployed and struggling to build futures, UNICEF sought a way to connect youth and their communities in more positive ways, while improving the ongoing curriculum framework development process and strengthening the legitimacy of nascent national institutions by fostering inclusive and participatory government decision-making processes.
This study explores the value of using curriculum development as an entry point for understanding and addressing the critical conflict drivers of youth marginalisation, erosion of cultural values, struggles over resources and weak governance systems, while promoting a relevant quality national curriculum. The study identifies processes through which youth can be ‘empowered’ in assuming new constructive roles vis-à-vis their communities and State institutions and offers lessons for constituting effective social services in a manner that will support bottom-up peacebuilding and promote inclusive forms of governance. The report is to be used as a learning document by UNICEF, implementing partner organizations, government policymakers, and practitioners broadly in the fields of education and peacebuilding. It is hoped that this work will contribute to strategies for using social services to promote equity, inclusive governance, and constructive citizenship among adolescents and youth at risk of alienation, marginalization or recruitment to armed groups.
Read the full report, here!