- What is conflict analysis and why is it important?
- Key elements of conflict analysis
- Working with indicators
- Integrating conflict analysis and other forms of assessment
- Better practice in conflict analysis
- Choosing the right tool for conflict analysis
- Annex 1: Tools for conflict analysis
What is conflict analysis and why is it important?
Conflict analysis is the systematic study of the profile, causes, actors, and dynamics of conflict (see Sectino 2). It helps development, humanitarian and peacebuilding organisations to gain a better understanding of the context in which they work and their role in that context.
Conflict analysis can be carried out at various levels (eg local, regional, national, etc) and seeks ot establish the linkages between these levels (see Fig 1). Identifying the appropriate focus for the conflict analysis is crucial: the issues and dynamics at the national level may be different from those at the grassroots. But while linking the level of conflict analysis (eg community, district, region or national) with the level of intervention (eg project, sector, policy), it is also important to establish systematic linkages with other interrelated levels of conflict dynamics. These linkages are important, as all of these different levels impact on each other.