USAID Anti-Corruption Program Efficacy in Sub-Saharan Africa (2018)
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of USAID programming in meeting anti-corruption goals in sub-Saharan Africa. The research will serve as a foundation for informing future anti-corruption program design and implementation, and may lead to further analysis.
The research team focused on 90 USAID programs over the past decade with a stated focus, in whole or in part, on anti-corruption, accountability, transparency or integrity. They read available documents and interviewed USAID staff associated with the programs. The review included programs with a primary focus on anti-corruption and those with another focus that contained anti-corruption sub-objectives, indicators or reporting.
The review revealed trends in the levels and areas of focus of programming over the period 2008 to 2018. The amount of anti-corruption programming has been somewhat stable over the period, although it experienced a notable uptick between 2014 and 2017, followed by a drop in 2018. The drop may reflect the decrease in DRG funding for the region. Anti-corruption programming occurred more often in the civil society, local governance and rule of law sub-sectors and less often in non-DRG sectors such as economic growth, natural resource management and health. The majority of anti-corruption programs combined demand- and supply-side approaches, working with both civil society to “demand” and government to “supply” anti-corruption measures. Although combining both demand- and supply-side approaches in a single program is considered a best practice, the period witnessed a steady increase in programs focused only on the demand for anti-corruption measures.